A Misunderstood Legacy: The Papacy and Facsist Italy

Following the end of World War II (WWII), de-Nazification in Germany and Europe was essentially instantaneous—a process which included the removal of Nazi books and newspapers from libraries, systematic physical destruction of Nazi statues and monuments, and the West German government banning the use or display of the swastika in any form. This destruction of symbols coincided with the destruction …

The “Other”: Power, Identity, and Fluid Relationships in Nationalism

The emergence of the modern nation-state over the last few centuries has coincided fairly directly with the advent of industrialization, and thus new technology, which improved at an ever increasing rate. Coinciding with the industrialized modern nation-state was the idea of “nationalism”, or as defined by historian Anthony Smith as an “ideological movement for attaining and maintaining the autonomy, unity, …

Capitalism as Culture

 “Economic development” is often considered something that is inherently good in Western dialogue. Beginning with the introduction of the Truman Doctrine in 1947, it is hard to imagine a United States that does not offer its help and foreign aid to countries it considers to be underdeveloped in contrast to its own. While theorists would debate the process by which …

Che Guevara: Revolutionary Feminist?

Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara is a lasting icon of revolution. Not only has his image lived on in endless iterations of the famous Korda photo, but his message, while muddled in the face of modern society, has lived on in the hearts of many people under the repression of authoritarian rulers worldwide. There are many elements of Guevara’s life which have …

“The Surge”: Its Purpose and Effect in the Iraq War

As the U.S began the war in Iraq in March of 2003, there was a relentless optimism both within the Bush administration and within the American public. This optimism stemmed from both the previous demonstrations of the efficacy of American power abroad, in places such as Afghanistan in 2001, with the overthrow of the Taliban, and the certainty of the …